Starting a business sounds simple – take your idea, get a federal tax ID number and a bank account, and you are ready to go. Unfortunately, that level of simplicity is a myth. There are many complexities and nuances when creating a business at the federal, state, and local levels.
Each state has its own set of rules and regulations and no two are alike. Non-compliance can saddle a new business owner with fees and penalties that could have been avoided with knowledge of the requirements.
Tax Tips if You’re Starting a Business
If you plan to start a new business, or you’ve just opened your doors, it is important for you to know your federal tax responsibilities. Here are five basic tips from the IRS that can help you get started.
- Type of Business. Early on, you will need to decide the type of business you are going to establish. The most common types are sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, S corporation and Limited Liability Company. Each type reports its business activity on a different federal tax form.
- Types of Taxes. The type of business you run usually determines the type of taxes you pay. The four general types of business taxes are income tax, self-employment tax, employment tax and excise tax.
- Employer Identification Number. A business often needs to get a federal EIN for tax purposes. Check IRS.gov to find out whether you need this number. If you do, we can help you apply for an EIN or you can go online.
- Recordkeeping. Keeping good records will help you when it’s time to file your business tax forms at the end of the year. They help track deductible expenses and support all the items you report on your tax return. Good records will also help you monitor your business’ progress and prepare your financial statements. You may choose any recordkeeping system that clearly shows your income and expenses
- Accounting Method. Each taxpayer must also use a consistent accounting method, which is a set of rules that determine when to report income and expenses. The most common are the cash method and accrual method. Under the cash method, you normally report income in the year you receive it and deduct expenses in the year you pay them. Under the accrual method, you generally report income in the year you earn it and deduct expenses in the year you incur them. This is true even if you receive the income or pay the expenses in a future year.
It is important to seek professional advice when starting a new business. Because each type of business structure has different tax implications, it is important to choose the right entity for your needs. The IRS has some advice in this area: See Business Structures.
If you are ready to discuss your new business advisement options, call us at 623-882-8241 to schedule your free consultation. For some helpful links, we present the following:
- Internal Revenue Service: Starting a Business
- Arizona Department of Revenue: Business Basics in Arizona
- Arizona Department of Economic Security: Employer Resources